“How do you expect to tell this to the local communities who do not know anything beyond their village or beyond that mountain range.”. During the meeting, Dr. Kumar reached out to Nick P. Williams, Head of the Coordinating Unit of the Raptors MOU, an agreement to protect endangered raptors under the auspices of CMS. Satellite Tracking On 26th of October 2020, Irang has successfully returned to its roosting site in Manipur’s Tamenglong district, after travelling 29,000 kilometres in a marathon journey from its breeding site in China. The abundance of termites in September and October makes the area a preferred refueling site for the birds before they continue their flight across the Arabian Sea to the African continent. The festival celebrates Amur Falcons that travel up to 22,000 km per year, and come from South Eastern Siberia and Northern China. Another objective — and one which turned out to be instrumental in achieving the support of local people — was to create awareness about the long migratory journeys of the birds, journeys in which Nagaland was just one stop. The efforts and actions taken have proved triumphant, as the Amur Falcons went from being mass hunted to be seen as the flagship species of conservation in a single year. In Tamenglong district of Manipur, some of the locals believe that these were sacred birds. An innovative long-term community outreach campaign has also been initiated that has been received very well locally. In conversation with Vaishnavi Rathore (VR), Sinha speaks of her work as Principal Investigator of the Amur Falcon Project at BNHS. Furthermore, the data collected over the last six years has given the scientists involved in the project a very clear understanding of the Amur Falcons’ migratory routes, as well as an answer to the question why the birds converge in such great numbers in Nagaland, Manipur and other mountainous parts of Northeastern India. For filmmaker Sesino Yhoshu, watching tens and thousands of Amur falcons ( Falco amurensis ) roost by the Doyang reservoir in a remote corner of Nagaland was an awe-inspiring moment. This project has raised international awareness and has shown how one small bird connects countries along its migratory pathway and can inspire action along the way. In 2019 five more birds were tagged again in Manipur. Previous reports have stated that in the Pangti village in Wokha district of Nagaland, nearly 15,000 were hunted each day in 2012. They were called Ra Ruai or Birds of God. The Amur Falcon conservation program is to help stop the killings from 2013 through high-level support, patrolling & enforcement, community engagement and an extensive nature education program. During their migration from their breeding area to the winter quarters, they are plump and are hunted for food in parts of northeastern India as well as in eastern Africa. What is more, the Pangti village turned from a terrifying Amur Falcon hunting ground to a safe haven with zero mortality for the bird. The Amur Falcon conservation project was launched in Nagaland in 2013 and extended to Manipur three years later. "In a world where conservation problems usually go from bad to worse, the campaign to save the Amur falcon serves as a beacon of hope. BNHS is also supporting natural history outreach and advocacy in Manipur through the Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN). It was reported that the falcons called as “Tuma Loih” in the local dialect of Yaongyimchen started arriving in batches since October second week. The kick stage can place the payload in LEO orbit from a wide range of altitude and orbit inclination. In September 2013, Dr. Kumar was visiting the UAE capital to discuss another raptor, the Saker Falcon, as part of a global initiative, coordinated by the Abu Dhabi Office of the UN’s Convention on Migratory Species. For the last two years, the Amur Falcon conservation efforts in Pangti and Sungro villages in Wokha district of Nagaland have passed off successfully in a remarkable conservation turnaround. South Africa, Zambia, Botswana). One of the objectives of the scientists was to find out whether there were other sites where Amur Falcons were flocking in similarly large numbers. “They started getting emotionally attached to the birds.”. Route maps which trace the journeys of the Amur Falcons. The next … Dimapur, Nov. 3 (EMN): Multitude of Amur falcon (Falco amurensis) are reported to have returned to its favoured roosting site at the Yaongyimchen Community Biodiversity Conservation area in Longleng district. The story may have started in the Nagaland State of India, where large colonies of the birds were discovered, but it does have a link to the United Arab Emirates, said Dr. Suresh Kumar, one of the key researchers and main champions of the Amur Falcon in India. Two-stage supersonic rocket powered by solid rocket motors. Courtesy of Manipur Amur Falcon Tracking Project. On the 27th of August this year the "Friends of the Amur Falcon" campaign was launched . In other areas, local people volunteered to patrol known Amur Falcon sites during the birds’ annual visit to protect the species. The mass hunting urged the local governments to take immediate actions, and to that end they have banned the killing of the Amur Falcon. Sinha raises the importance of passionate, yet respectful conservation practices in India. A major conservation drive to prevent the entrapment and massacre of Amur falcon in Nagaland has resulted in a spectacular turnaround. Facts and Information about the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Wildlife. The females are duller gray above, and their white underparts are well marked with dark chevrons. In turn, the termites are dependent on the annual monsoon, which brings a lot of rain and humidity in this part of India. (Source: AP) Jennithing Shitiri, chairman of Pangti village in Wokha, says the falcons would start arriving mid-October and leave by November-end. The generated excitement prompted villagers from other areas in the state to alert the scientist about additional large colonies. “With changes in the Earth’s climate affecting rainfall patterns as well as the monsoon, the fate of the Amur Falcon and its future presence in Northeast India cannot be taken for granted”, said Dr. Kumar. Over the three years that the transmitters were working and submitting coordinates, Dr. Kumar kept the media and community leaders informed. Longleng’s migratory route from Northern China to the East coast of Africa as of 26 August 2020 © Suresh Kumar, The maps of the birds’ subsequent journeys generated excitement and captured the imagination of the local people. In spite of the Amur Falcons being a protected species under both the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and the Convention of Migratory Species (CMS), a large number of falcons are poached for consumption or trade every year on their path to Southern Africa. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. An appreciation letter from the CMS Raptors MoU was presented in November 2015 to Pastor Nuklu Phom, Community leader of the Yaongyimchen village in Longleng district by Dr. V.B. The Amur Falcons spend around three to four weeks in India. (+49 228) 815 2449, Review Mechanism & National Legislation Programme, Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions & Reservations, From Prey to Protected Species: How the Tide Turned for the Amur Falcon. In 2013 and … This is a comprehensive campaign to protect the Amur Falcons that migrate through Nagaland every winter and will include nature education, creation of Amur Falcon EcoClubs, patrolling and enforcement, as well as scientific study of the birds. (+49 228) 815 2401, Fax. Thus, this stoppage is highly important for the birds as they then fly non-stop for more than six days to cross Arabian sea. The falcons received their names after places and rivers within the Tamenglong district in Manipur: Chiuluan, Puching, Phalong, Irang and Barak. Chief Wildlife Warden Dr AK Joshi, who was also present, said conservation of the Amur Falcons not only preserve the natural ecosystem but also benefits the farmers of Tamenglong. In 2012, a Naga conservationist named Bano Haralu, along with several colleagues from Conservation India, confirmed rumors that Amur Falcons had begun to gather each night by the hundreds of thousands in densely packed roosts along the Doyang Reservoir, with many more in neighboring areas—very likely the bulk of the entire global population. It may be mentioned that Amur falcon conservation campaign began following reports of its mass slaughter and subsequent warning served by the state government to the public of Pangti area. The Amur falcon has become a mascot of conservation for the Nagas. Single-stage, unguided supersonic rocket designed for simulating launch. The Manipur satellite tracking programme of the Amur Falcons started in 2013, and a total of 15 birds have been tagged to this date. The public awareness momentum generated because of this initiative has inspired the local population to act. Meanwhile, the project to tag falcons also helped the conservation efforts. The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, is an environmental treaty of the United Nations that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory animals and their habitats. Migratory Amur Falcons Return to Roost in the Naga Hills Hunting of these raptors have seen a sharp decline in Northeast India due to sustained conservation efforts. Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. the Hornbill project, the Tiger project). The combination of reddish-orange eyering, cere, and feet distinguishes them from all other falcons. It was a jaw-dropping tale, with reports of over 100,000 birds seen at a time at the newly created Doyang Reservoir. It will really aim to showcase wildlife conservation, while at the same time spreading awareness regarding these creatures and the Doyang region. The Amur Falcon dance festivals held in that state are the first of their kind. Understanding the Amur Falcon’s migratory routes and engaging local communities to be actively involved in their conservation, are both critical to ensure the long-term survival of this species, especially in the context of climate change and habitat destruction. Today, the hunting, trapping, killing and selling of Amur specimens can lead to penalties such as three years of imprisonment and steep fines. With the beginning of winter Amur Falcons (Falco Amurensis) flock in large numbers across northeast India, which acts as a stop-over ground in the bird’s annual migration path. By 2013, authorities, religious leaders and youth groups had stepped in to persuade local people to provide safe passage to the birds, which spend a month in the area, normally in October - November, before continuing their migration from Siberia, China and Mongolia onto the southern parts of Africa. Originating from Mongolia, Northeastern China and the Russian Far East, the birds fly over Asia and the Indian Ocean in order to reach their wintering grounds in Souther Africa (e.g. It was discovered that Amur Falcons were being illegally harvested for consumption and sale in markets by the local population who had lost their agricultural land due to a dam development. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. Satellite monitoring is of outermost value when it comes to studying and understanding any type of migration pattern, which in turn is of extreme importance for successful conservation actions and the development of conservation management strategies. In the autumn of 2016, five more birds were fitted with satellite tags with the funds provided by the Indian Government. While hunting is banned in India, the Northeastern part of the country has long been an exception.

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