The bark is also a food source for small mammals like beavers, rabbits and mice. When the leaf falls in autumn, it breaks across a well defined abscission zone, also called a separation zone, at the base of the petiole. No serious insect or disease problems. Female flowers give way to the infamous gum balls. The tree turned out to be Slender Silhouette sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua Slender Silhouette). Habit is pyramidal in youth, but it gradually develops an oval-rounded crown as it matures. It typically grows to 60-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a straight trunk. Liquidambar styraciflua 'Rotundiloba' is the rounded foliage sweet gum for you. Prefers deep, moist, fertile soils, but seems to tolerate a wide variety of soils. Leaf spots, wood rot and bleeding necrosis may occur. Iron chlorosis may occur in alkaline soils. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are greenish - yellow. mexicana Oersted. Genus Liquidambar are deciduous trees grown for their alternate, maple-like leaves which take on brilliant and long-lasting autumn colour; flowers and fruits are inconspicuous . Beavers, mice and rabbits eat the bark. In early autumn the veins in the leaf become a skeleton of blood red within the fading green. Gum trees (Eucalyptus spp.) On most sites, the tree averages 60 to 80 feet high and 2 to 3 feet in diameter. Trees are not reliably winter hardy in the northern areas of USDA Zone 5. Liquidambar styraciflua 'Gumball' NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Liquidambar styraciflua, commonly called sweet gum, is a low-maintenance deciduous shade tree that is native from Connecticut to Florida and Missouri further south to Texas, Mexico and Central America.In Missouri, it typically occurs in moist low woods and along streams only in the far southeastern corner of the state (Steyermark). The beautifully glossy, star-shaped leaves turn bright red, purple, yellow or orange in the fall (USDA hardiness The biggest example in Ohio today grows in Scioto County and is 107 feet tall and 5.5 feet in diameter. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Family Hamamelidaceae . The beautifully glossy, star-shaped leaves turn bright red, purple, yellow or orange in the fall (USDA hardiness zones 6 and 7) and early winter (USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9). Noteworthy Characteristics. The Sweetgum tree has alternate, simple, serrate, palmate venation, glossy, deciduous, long-stalked, deep green leaves (4-8” across) with toothed margins. Sweetgum, redgum Liquidambar barbata Stokes; L.gummifera Salisbury; L.macrophylla Oersted; L.styraciflua var. Deep, glossy green star-shaped leaves mark the Sweetgum. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 45 m (148 ft) high. Its salt tolerance is moderate. valuable, forest tree frequently found in wet river bottoms, in swamps that frequently flood, and on drier uplands (except the high mountains) throughout North Carolina. Intolerant of shade. As the tree matures, it forms irregular, deeply-furrowed bark. An alternate name, Redgum, may come from the reddish-brown heartwood found in logs greater than 16 inches in diameter. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Webworms, caterpillars, borers and scale may cause problems in some areas. LEAF TYPE: Deciduous: SUN REQUIREMENTS: Sun: SOIL: Deep, rich, moist, slightly acid soil; provide unrestricted root area. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to loamy. The beautifully glossy, star-shaped leaves turn bright red, purple, yellow, or orange in the fall (USDA hardiness zones 6 and 7) and early winter (USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9). Pennsylvania southwest to Texas, east to Florida, nnorth up to New England, California. Common Name "Sweet Gum" Size. Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. The gum obtained from genus plants has been used in the past for a variety of purposes, including chewing gum, incense, perfumes, folk medicines and flavorings.Genus name comes from the Latin words liquidus meaning liquid and ambar meaning amber as two species produce a fragrant resin.Specific epithet means flowing storax.The common name of sweet gum refers to an aromatic balsam or gum that exudes from wounds to the tree.See L. styraciflua ‘Rotundiloba’ for a fruitless cultivar of this magnificent tree. American Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua. Pl. Imagine a tree that could reach 50 feet tall and possibly be only 5 to 7 feet wide. sweetgum Hamamelidaceae Liquidambar styraciflua L. symbol: LIST2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4 to 6 inches across with 5 to 7 lobes (look like stars), and a finely serrate margin. Webworms, caterpillars, borers and scale may cause problems in some areas. In Missouri, it typically occurs in moist low woods and along streams only in the far southeastern corner of the state (Steyermark). Liquidambar styraciflua This is a large tree of Ohio's forests. Shiny green above and pubescent in the axils of the veins below, fragrant when crushed. It tolerates clay, sand, loam, acidic, and well-drained soils. Sweetgum is a deciduous tree that may grow 80 to 120 feet tall with a diameter of 4 feet or more. mexicana. Leaves turn yellow-purple-red in the fall, and stay on the tree quite late. The Sweetgum has non-showy, monoecious, yellow-green flowers that appear in spherical clusters in April-May. On some trees, particularly in the northern part of its range, branches are covered with characteristic corky projections. Plant Uses. 1753. Sweetgum grows in a narrow pyramid to a height of 75 feet and may spread to 50 feet. 'Rotundiloba' is a rounded foliage Sweet gum. Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette' There are few trees that measure up to the promise of being narrow, but Slender Silhouette Sweetgum does, even into maturity. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Trees , to 41 m. Leaves : stipules linear-lanceolate, 3-4 mm, early deciduous, leaving 2 stipular scars adaxially near base of petiole; petioles (44-)60-100(-150) mm. Its shape is pyramidal, becoming more rounded with age. Currently, this tree is second in production to oaks among the hardwoods. Corky scales that darken the tree. Common names are from state and federal lists. Avoid alkaline soils. Resinous gum are used for creating chewing gum, incense, perfumes, folk medicines (for things like dysentery and diarrhea) and flavorings. Liquidambar styraciflua‘Rotundiloba’ ... lower leaf surfaces will be completely separate when the leaf is torn in two. An upright, oval habit with excellent red fall color. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The tree has alternate, palmately lobed leaves with toothed margins that mature into a star shape. In Michael Dirr's entry for Sweetgum in his widely recognized Dirr’s Hardy Trees and Shrubs, it states “This lovely tree would be on every gardener’s wish list were it not for the woody, spiny, capsular, 1" to 1 ½" diameter fruit, which abscise through fall and winter.” Its common name, Sweetgum, refers to the aromatic gum that oozes from wounds to the tree. Native to moist stream valley soils. Female flowers give way to a globose head (the infamous gum ball) which are hard, beak shaped, bristly fruiting capsules 1 to 3 inches in diameter appearing in August-September. On its introduction, the fruitless sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Rotundiloba’) seemed like a contender for the title, but we now know it has some warts. Fall color at its best is a brilliant mixture of yellows, oranges, purples and reds. The capsules contain two tiny seeds (syncarp). Avoid polluted sites. This document is ENH-517, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Fruit can cause litter problems that detract from using this tree as a street tree. It is often the bane of some homeowner’s existence because of its troublesome fruit. Songbirds, like the American goldfinch eat the seeds during the winter and mall birds probe inside fruits in winter for invertebrates. Liquidambar: from the Latin liquidus, liquid, and ambar, amber, a reference to its fragrant resin. Gum balls mature to dark brown and usually remain on the tree through the winter, but can create clean-up problems during the general period of December through April as the clusters fall to the ground. Images of the Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. Chlorosis occurs with high pH. Glossy, long-stalked, deep green leaves (4-7” across) have toothed margins. It is commonly grown throughout its native North American range as well as many other temperate parts of the world. They were formerly often treated in Hamamelidaceae.They are decorative deciduous trees that are used in the wood industry and for ornamental purposes. From many perspectives the sweetgum is a good tree for the urban landscape. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. 'Slender Silhouette' Fall Color Full Form. Liquidambar styraciflua "Sweet Gum" Request a Quote « Back to Products. Leaves are fragrant when bruised. When the petiole breaks off, it leaves a leaf scar, and inside the leaf scar there are bundle scars. Moraine sweet-gum (Liquidambar styraciflua 'Moriane'). Contact details. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. The wood from sweetgum is used for lumber, veneer, plywood, and slack cooperage. with under-tree planting that complements their tall, graceful style and Australian outback heritage, create a beautiful effect. Native Range: Eastern United States, Mexico, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Clay Soil, Black Walnut. This plant has no children Legal Status. The bark is gray-brown with irregular furrows and rough, rounded ridges. The lumber is remanufactured into boxes, baskets, crates, interior parts of furniture, and interior woodwork. Slender Silhouette sweet-gum (Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette'): A narrow, columnar form, growing 6 to 8 feet wide and 60 feet high. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. NC Cooperative Extension and NHC Arboretum. 1). campus: several south and north of Cordley Hall. 1. Does not tolerate shade. Enh-517, one of the sweetgum include the ability to fix nitrogen in the ’... And Volunteers and tolerates poor drainage treated in Hamamelidaceae.They are decorative deciduous trees that are used in the northern of. 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