8 In fact, in the first of these cases (201e) Socrates is explicitly giving his own view, and in the second (204d) Diotima qualifies her remark with ‘ὡς σύ φῇς’. They all gather to discuss the topic of love. The "ladder of love" occurs in the text Symposium (c. 385-370 BC) by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. The symposium we are invited to took place at Agathon’s house. Love is expressed via propagation and reproduction, as in the exchange and development of ideas. The wine was mixed in a large krater, and then slave boys filled pitchers from the krater and poured the drink into each participant’s cup. - Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were the first three philosophers from Greece, considered the cradle of … In describing love as a "primordial" deity, Phaedrus draws on the works of Hesiod, a Greek poet who lived in Boeotia at the beginning of the 7th century BCE. Among his guests were Socrates, Phaedrus, Pausanias, Eryximachus, Aristophanes, and Aristodemus. He speaks often of the master of the drinking, who was always appointed to dictate how much each man was to drink. Diotima was a philosopher who Plato wrote about in Symposium.She was the one who apparently taught Socrates about love, and more or less gave him the concecpt of Platonic Love, and in fact her ideas on love give a basis for the Plato's concept of Forms in general. The similarities between Socrates and Christ are bound together with love; love toward our fellow men and women, and love toward our Creator. helper than love" (212b). Instead of "singing the honours" (94) of love like the other participants, Socrates uses a retelling of a discussion that he had with a woman named Diotima to tell … However, he asks Phaedrus if he might be permitted to give a different kind of eulogy, one that speaks the truth and doesn't use fancy language, but uses only the words that come to him as he speaks. Rather than tell a speech like the others, Socrates tells Agathon’s guests a dialogue he had with this woman of Manitea many years ago. Plato’s Symposium is one of the most iconic works of literature in the Western tradition. Written 2,400 years ago, Plato’s philosophical novella, Symposium, includes one of the weirdest – and most charming – explanations of why people fall in love ever invented. So, naturally, I took great pains with my appearance: I’m going to the house of a good-looking man; I had to look my best.’ ” On the way to the symposium, Socrates was delayed for he had stopped on a porch to meditate until the banquet was half over. Commentary on Plato Symposium. Later Socrates suggests that learning to love is a step toward discovering higher beauty and truth, such as offered by philosophy. In the Symposium, love is discussed and examined by a bunch of men – including Socrates and Alcibiades – attending a symposium. Socrates had his own unique view, associating it with moral actions of human beings, and the gods’ acceptance of these actions. Its legacy has been far reaching, inspiring religion and mysticism, to visions of art, the good, and the beautiful. Xenophon claims that he was present at the symposium, although this is disputed because he would have been too young to attend. The symposium was a gathering of Athenian men at a private home where they could relax reclined on cushions — usually one to two men on a couch — and discuss values while enjoying a social event that also liberated them from the everyday restraints of a regulated environment. Supposedly without interjecting any knowledge or thoughts of his own, Socrates leads his interlocutor into a contradiction, showing him that his supposed knowledge is unfounded. Plato’s Symposium is one of the most iconic works of literature in the Western tradition. The guests decide not to get drunk, but drinking a little and discuss about love. Love is a driving force, a compulsion forward to a goal. True Love According to Socrates (469-399 B.C.) Socrates then proceeds to quote his own teacher on love, one. Socrates' speech. He was a good friend of Erixymachus, because of their shared interest in physics, as well as the arts and philosophy. It was later said that Phaedrus was one of Socrates’s favorites. Socrates expresses great admiration at the beauty and careful phrasing of Agathon's speech, noting a debt of influence to the great orator, Gorgias. Symposium, part five – Agathon’s encomium and Socrates’ comments “To be in love is merely to be in a perpetual anesthesia – to mistake an ordinary young man for a Greek … “Love is born into every human being; it calls back the halves of our original nature together; it tries … . The ancient Greek symposium was a male aristocratic social activity, taking place in the evening where the men drank together in a convivial atmosphere while they ate, conversed, recited poetry, played music, joked, gossiped, or performed games of skill and balance, while being entertained by professional dancers and courtesans. When we desire something we have--for instance, a healthy person who wants to be healthy--what we desire is to continue to have that thing in the future, not in the present. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. The similarities between Socrates and Christ are bound together with love; love toward our fellow men and women, and love toward our Creator. Strangely, rather than speak for himself, Socrates recalls the teaching he received from the priestess Diotima of Manitea and his entire speech is actually hers. Diotima, evidently a priestess, and probably to be regarded as possessing prophetic powers. For Socrates, love is for possessing the good oneself for ever or for the good to belong to oneself always. It's about a contest at a men's banquet, involving impromptu philosophical speeches in praise of Eros, the Greek god of love and sexual desire. The focus of the Symposium (written in a narrative structure) is the adult male’s role as ethical and intellectual educator of the adolescent male. Socrates and Aristodemus will attend a banquet at Agathon, with Aristophanes, Appolodore, Pausanias and Eryximachus. This concept of love is the most poignant interpretation offered in the symposium, and conjures a sadly beautiful image that resonates deeper than any other personification. In the passage 201d-212c in the Symposium, Socrates presents Diotima’s instruction on the nature of love and the ascent of the soul to a truer love and understanding of knowledge. Socrates praises Agathon’s speech once more, saying he will also explore the questions of the qualities of Love himself. “Love is born into every human being; it calls back the halves of our original nature together; it tries … In effect, his statement is more of a statement of the final goal of all desire. If we do agree with Plato, therefore it states that “Beauty is pattern or form from which all beautiful things are … Socrates was famous for saying: “The only thing I know is that I don’t know.” But Plato, in Symposium (199b), reports him as saying that he learned “the truth about love” from a clever woman. Phaedrus consents to this request, and consents also to Socrates' further request that he might ask Agathon some questions so as to make his speech on the basis of an agreement with the tragedian. A fictional character created by Socrates, Diotima is described by him to be a woman who was wise about many things. Socrates begins by asking Agathon whether or not Love is love of something or other, in the same way as a father is a father of a son or a daughter or the way a brother is the brother of a sister or a brother. Handout supplied to my students as we work through Plato's Symposium, focused particularly on the content in the sixth speech, given by Socrates (narrating earlier dialogues with Diotima) that discusses the events of a ‘symposium’ or a formal drinking party held in honor of Agathon in 416 B.C., a tragedian who had just successfully produced his first victorious tragedy. Ruby Blondell 8. Aristophanes sees love as a pursuit of wholeness and ultimately the desire for humans to be complete. Diotima helps Socrates see that Love isn’t actually a god, but rather a daimon, an intermediary spirit. Socrates replied, ‘I am going to Agathon’s for dinner. He claims that he once held the opinions expressed by Agathon and that Diotima convinced him he was mistaken through a series of questions similar to those Socrates has just asked Agathon. While The Republic may be more famous, Symposium is the most graphic, intense, and dramatic of the dialogues. She, he explains, had in her turn questioned him about the relation of love … Socrates was born in a pre-Christian era but his message was one of love — the universal language. This is a chapter from my book, Socrates – moral philosophy in everyday life. object of love and desire. Socrates’ love for Alcibiades, on the contrary, is analogous to Platonic Love, that is inherent in the speech of Diotima. Agreeing with Agathon that love is deeply connected to the ideas of goodness and beauty, Socrates nonetheless insists the connection is more complex than Agathon has suggested. He gets Agathon to agree that Love must be love of something that Love does not already possess. Plato gives this trippy exegesis to the playwright Aristophanes, who appears as a character in the book. Symposium is central in Plato’s philosophy, since it talks about Love and Ideas. Rather, Socrates proves, Love is not good or beautiful since he desires these things. Describe how this passage about love represents Plato’s key philosophical ideas. But Socrates is in fact the true lover, who loves what is truly beautiful and good, the proper object of love… In fact, he says, it seems that the truth does not matter at all, and that one should simply ascribe all the finest possible qualities to one's subject whether or not what one says is true. Socrates points out to Eryximachus that what he had said before (at 194a) has held true, that Agathon would speak admirably and that he would be lost for words. Traditional interpretations of the Symposium tend to treat Socrates as Plato’s mouthpiece, interpreting the philosophical meaning of the text based on Socrates’ speech alone. Symposium, Plato’s philosophical text dated at circa 385 to 370 BC, depicts a friendly contest of speeches delivered by a group of notable men attending a banquet.During the discussion, Socrates mentions that, in his youth, he was taught ‘the philosophy of love’ by a woman named Diotima, a priestess from Mantinea. Socrates' speech in the Symposium ends with a description of the scala amoris, the ascent towards the highest form of love. Beauty as the goal of love needs some clarification as the common thought here is that the lover wants to possess a beauty in the sense of his making love to him or her. In Plato’s Symposium, Socrates’ eulogy, though delivered with the stated intent of praising love, is not truly about love at all.Instead, Socrates claims that the typical definition of love does not exist and instead praises wisdom. Female Imagery in Plato, Angela Hobbs 12. Examples Of Erotic Love In Plato's Symposium 1132 Words | 5 Pages. Symposium, Plato’s philosophical text dated at circa 385 to 370 BC, depicts a friendly contest of speeches delivered by a group of notable men attending a banquet.During the discussion, Socrates mentions that, in his youth, he was taught ‘the philosophy of love… Since Socrates professes ignorance in many dialogues, these claims are puzzling. The main character in the dialogues is the great philosopher Socrates, who inspired Plato. In it, Socrates and a few of his companions attend a symposium (a lighthearted dinner party at which Greek aristocrats could have discussions and enjoy entertainment) hosted by Kallias for the young man Autolykos. The text Phaedrus has in mind is an epic, now known as the Theogony , which sets forth the foundations of Greek mythology and tells the origin stories of many of the gods. Socrates replies that it is easy to argue against Socrates, but that Agathon cannot argue with the truth. The party is a symposium, sometimes translated as a “banquet.” The word symposium literally means the activity of “drinking together,” alluding to the Greek love of mixing intellectual discourse with the drinking of wine. Socrates, Love and Symposium. Gods and men interact through spirits, and one of them is Love. Here Socrates takes Agathon's claims to know the nature and importance of Love, and leads Agathon, through questioning, to admit that he does not know the subject well at all. Socrates continues his discussion of Love by restating an account given to him by a woman named Diotima. Summary Socrates 's discourse on love is the centerpiece of the dialogue and, in part, a refutation of Agathon 's one-sided speech on the topic. If Love desires what he loves, that would suggest that, necessarily, he does not have the object of his desire in his possession. Instead, Socrates claims that the typical definition of love does not exist and instead praises wisdom. 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